*About Rudra: Life in Ancient India in The Age of the Mantras -
P.T.Srinivasa Iyengar* *P.No.125*
Rudra seems to have been another god of the Dravidianspeaking
tribes. He is essentially a mountain deity (S. Y. S.
xvi. 2, 4) wearing braided hair (R. V. i. 114. 1,5);,
his colour is brown (b a b h r u, R. V. ii. 33. 5), red
(S. Y. S. xvi. 7) and he is clothed in skin (S. Y. Si
iii. 61). He is an archer (A. V. i. 28. i, etc.), fierce
(R. V. ii. 33, 10) destructive like a terrible beast
(R. V. ii. 33. 11), a malevolent destroyer (R. V. ii.
33. IT, 14), man-slaying (R. V. iv. 3. 6), followed by
wide-mouthed howling dogs, who swallow their prey
Vin-chewed (A. V. xi. 2. 30). He was ** lord of the green-haired
trees,” who **
” and whom cowherds
and female drawers of water have seen ; he was lord of
thieves, carpenters, chariot-makers, potters, blacksmiths,
Nisbadas, dog-leaders and hunters (S. Y. S. xvi.). Such
a deity could be evolved by the wild mountaineers of
the Himalayan or Vindhyan regions and not by the mild
Rishis of the valleys. His name, too, Rudra meaning the Red
One seems to be a translation of the Dravidian name S’ i v a
(which is the Dravidian word for ‘ red ‘) later on adopted
for the same god.
2010/3/27 sankaranarayanan k.s
> The thought of sivan rudran pasupathi are different is itself is not right.
> The third line of rurdram is like this
> Yada ivas siva thama sivam babuve…..
> Siva saravyaya thavamano rudra…..
> Yade rudra siva dhanura gora papakasini……..
> In Rudram it is clearly mentioned – him by many names. Visveswara,
> mahadeva, tryambaga, Neelakanda, sadasiva.
> Veda equally praises Vishnu. It praises his Vamanavathar more. he aslo
> described by many names – Vishnu, Narayana etc.
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