Puriyaatha Puthir!!! - Another approach
  • Hi,

    Rajendra chola, following is what i have understood.

    the 'puthir' is rephrased into two questions.

    1. why Rajendra chola did not stop Sultan of Gazni (
    a.k.a Mohammed of Gazni - ( who will be referred
    further as MG) from destroying hindu temples.

    2. Why didn't sultan of Gazni go further south and
    attack Southern kingdoms ( or did he go south? )

    For the first question,

    Mohammed of Gazni (MG) did not conquer a place and
    ruled there. He was never interested in ruling the
    regions. He just wanted to (i)loot all the valuables
    from India and (ii)change hindus to muslims. He raided
    17 times but never satyed in those places. It was just
    like a visit if i read things correctly. In that case,

    it gives very little time for any king to organize
    force to stop him doing that, particularly Rajendra
    who, eventhough ruled until Ganges, was having his
    capital at Gangai konda cholapuram, way
    south of Gujarat and was also involved in his own
    battles to occupy maldives.. Only after Mohammed of
    Ghori, did muslim rulers start trying to rule the
    parts they occupied and have succeded.
    Also, we should bear in mind that eventhough Kundavai
    ( daughter of Rajaraja chola) was married to
    a eastern Chalukya ruler ( Vimaladitya )and Rajaraja
    helped him establish his empire within chola dynasty
    there were skirmishes in the western part ( Deccan )
    from the western chalukyas. This presence of western
    chalukyas might have prevented rajendra from knowing
    the happenings of Gujarat.

    The answer to the second question needs some

    Among the 17 radis made by Mohammed of Gazni, 6th and
    16 th are considered to have greater significance.

    The crowing exploit of Mohammed's career was the
    plunder of the great temple of Somnath (1026) in the
    extreme south of Kathiawar ( gujarat). It is reckoned
    as his sixteenth expedition. WHEN Mahmud Ghazni was
    from his sack of Somnath, he had decided to take the
    Sindh route(*why sindh route*).
    The return journey from Somanath was a severe trial to
    His army suffered badly from want of water, and was
    harassed by the predatory tribes of Jats.
    It is to punish the Jats in the neighbourhood of
    Multan that MG led his last (17th)expedition
    to India (1027). He really struggled to win these
    Jats. Having chastised the enemy MG returned to
    Ghazni. He suffered a huge loss in terms of military
    reources in this 17th expedition. Later his life was
    much spent in domestic problems until he died in 1030.

    * why sindh route*
    The `religious' reason for the expedition was that MG
    was a Sunni, attached to the Khalifa in Baghdad, and
    the Muslims in Sindh were inclined towards
    the Karmatian Shia rulers of Egypt, who had even
    carried away the black stone of Kaaba.
    The Karmatians in India were half-Hindu; they looked
    upon Ali, the son-in-law of Mohammed and
    fourth Khalifa, as the tenth avatar of Vishnu!. MG
    really hated this and wanted to teach them a lesson.

    I hope this also throws some light ....

    Btw, I am Manikandan, from Washington DC, another
    ardent fan of PS, to introduce myself.
  • Hi,

    There is mention of Murka Arabiyar Kootam in Akilan's
    Vengaiyin Mynthen. Also probably Rajendra Chozan was
    busy with preparations for restoring the mani magudam
    of Tamil Kings ( REad Pandiyan) that was hidden at
    Srilanka, which he thought was of much more importance
    to tamil people than preparing to fight Gazini.
    Moreover Rajendran's daughter Chiriya Kundavai had
    married Vimaladityan, so rajendran wuld have surely
    been aware of Gazini, but he would have probably
    wanted to consolidate his position in south rather
    than stop Gazini, who any way cld not proceed further
    and had to stop at orissa border.


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